Visa Security Policy: Roles of the Departments of State and Homeland Security

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If Congress is not going to change the law, and I think the assumption is that they are not going to do that anytime soon when it comes to basic immigration law, is the president right to suggest that the current system is broken, and the only way to fix it is to test these new ideas, even if they push the boundaries of the law?

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I would say yes to the first part of your question. Most people agree that the system is broken. But when it comes to fixing the problem, what are you trying to fix? His idea of a fix would decrease that number. So if you see that as the problem, then —. And again, if the numbers themselves are what you see as the problem, then making the system better only makes it worse.

Caitlin, what does all of this tell us about where President Trump plans to go on immigration? I think this week is actually an indicator of a ramping up of these goals. Citizenship and Immigration Services, as he seeks to carry out his harder-line approach to immigration. A few hours later, in the latest legal setback to that approach, a federal judge blocked a Trump administration policy that required those seeking asylum to wait in Mexico rather than in the U.

The judge found that the policy violated federal law. Today, the United States is continuing to build its maximum pressure campaign against the Iranian regime. I am announcing our intent to designate the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, including its Quds Force, as a foreign terrorist organization in accordance with Section of the Immigration and Nationality Act.

On Monday, the Trump administration said that it was designating a powerful arm of the Iranian military as a foreign terrorist organization, the first time that the U. The move was debated at the highest levels of the administration, with top officials at the Defense Department and the C.

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Central Command, which oversees military operations in the Middle East, as a terrorist organization as well. The move comes just two days after Mr. Trump has ratcheted up his anti-immigration message in recent months as he seeks to galvanize supporters before the election, shutting down the government and then declaring a national emergency to secure funding to build a border wall, cutting aid to Central American countries and repeatedly denouncing what he believes is a crisis of migrants trying to enter the country.

He took aim again Sunday night after announcing Ms. The president said in a tweet that Kevin McAleenan, the commissioner of Customs and Border Protection, would take over as the acting replacement for Ms. Nielsen, who became the sixth secretary to lead the agency in late But by law, the under secretary for management, Claire Grady, who is currently serving as acting deputy secretary, is next in line to be acting secretary. The White House will have to fire her to make Mr.

McAleenan acting secretary, people familiar with the transition said.

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Grady has told colleagues that she has no intention of resigning to make way for Mr. Among the possible replacements for Ms. Nielsen in the long term is Ken Cuccinelli, the former Virginia attorney general who is a favorite among conservative activists and who fits the profile that Mr. Trump wants the next homeland secretary to have, people familiar with the discussions said. Nielsen had been pressured by Mr.

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Trump to be more aggressive in stemming the influx of migrant crossings at the border, people familiar with their discussions in recent months said. Her entire time in the job was spent batting back suspicion from the president, even as he told people he liked how she performed on television and enjoyed dealing with her personally. He initially was skeptical because of Ms. Bush administration, and then because she was close to John F. Kelly, Mr. The president called Ms. Nielsen at home early in the mornings to demand that she take action to stop migrants from entering the country, including doing things that were clearly illegal, such as blocking all migrants from seeking asylum.

She repeatedly noted the limitations imposed on her department by federal laws, court settlements and international obligations. Those responses only infuriated Mr. Trump further. Nielsen hesitated for weeks about whether to sign a memo ordering the routine separation of migrant children from their families so that the parents could be detained. In a cabinet meeting surrounded by her peers, Mr. Trump castigated her repeatedly, leading her to draft a resignation letter and to tell colleagues that there was no reason for her to lead the department any longer. By the end of the week, she had reconsidered and remained in her position, becoming an increasingly fierce supporter of his policies, including the family separations.

Nielsen lost a powerful protector when Mr. Kelly, her mentor, left his job as White House chief of staff at the beginning of the year. Nielsen to replace him. Multiple White House officials said she had grown deeply paranoid in recent months, after numerous stories about her job being on the line. She also had supported the Immigration and Customs Enforcement nominee Mr. Trump withdrew, Ronald D. Vitiello, and her support for him was described as problematic for her with the president.

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Trump felt Mr. Vitiello did not favor closing the border, as the president threatened again to do in a tweet on Sunday night. Nielsen did, too. He repeatedly demanded that she cut off foreign aid to Central American countries even though the funding was the responsibility of the State Department.

She repeatedly deflected his demands.

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One day after Ms. Trump cut State Department funding for the countries. Still, Ms. On Friday, Mr. Trump traveled with Ms. Nielsen and Mr.

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McAleenan to Calexico, Calif. While the number of border crossings is not as high as in the early s , the demographic of migrants has shifted largely from individual Mexicans looking for jobs — who could easily be deported — to Central American families, overwhelming detention facilities and prompting mass releases of migrants into cities along the border.

Nielsen estimated last month that border officials had stopped as many as , migrants in March. But despite the trip and several stories about how much better her relationship with Mr. Trump was, Ms. Nielsen never learned how to manage him, people familiar with their discussions said. He often felt lectured to by Ms. Nielsen, the people familiar with the discussions said. And his son-in-law, Jared Kushner, was not an admirer of Ms. Nielsen, several administration officials said.

That came to a head recently as Mr. Kushner had inserted himself into immigration discussions.

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While Mr. Trump often blamed Ms. An intense backlash ensued, and the Department of Homeland Security was unprepared to deal with separating nearly 3, children from their parents. Trump eventually moved to halt the family separations, though the government struggled in some cases to reunite those it had already separated.

By naming Mr. McAleenan acting secretary, Mr. Trump is installing another veteran of previous administrations, not a loyal foot soldier of Mr. Married to a Salvadoran immigrant, Mr. McAleenan is a lawyer who wrote an honors thesis at Amherst College on marriage equality and applied at the F. Described by colleagues as a savvy political operator, Mr. McAleenan worked cooperatively with Obama administration officials but later embraced Mr. Nielsen to sign the memo authorizing the routine separation of migrant families at the border.

It is responsible for everything from protecting the nation from cyberattacks to responding to natural disasters. At 46, Ms. Nielsen was the youngest person to lead the sprawling department, and an unlikely choice for the job. In the months immediately after the Sept. She also worked as a special assistant to President George W. It begins with background on creation of the Department of Homeland Security DHS and addresses the issue of how and why this new department came to be.

It then focuses on policy issues and challenges facing the new department. How did the idea of the establishment of a department of homeland security evolve into the biggest U. In the early s, Americans increasingly became concerned about terrorism on our soil. This concern was fueled by the World Trade Center bombing in , the Oklahoma City bombing, and the discovery of a bomb at the Atlanta Olympics in Moreover, it became increasingly evident to the American public that terrorism had a growing sophisticated and global reach, a perception fueled by overseas events such as the bombings in of the U.